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An explanation of some of the more obscure words

ale -
amercement -
assizes -

barmaster -
Barmote court -
bedehouses -
"being in mercy" -
bole -
bovate -

a weak beer brewed from water, malt and yeast.
a fine for an offence in a manorial court.
judicial proceedings to settle disputes.

the representative of the Crown, responsible for administering the mining laws.
the lead miners' court, usually held twice a year in each liberty.
also almshouses. A charitable foundation offering shelter to the old and needy.
a fine imposed on a wrongdoer. Same as amercement.
an early type of smelting hearth for smelting lead ore, often on a hilltop.
an area of land ploughable by one ox in a year, varied from 10 to 18 acres.
Law Latin equivalent of the English term oxgang.

calendar -
callicoes -
carding -
carucates -
casualties -
chantry -
charabanc -
charter -
churching -
coe -
copyhold -
copyholder -
Court Baron -
Court Leet -
cupola -
a list or register of court cases.
calico. A white or unbleached cotton fabric with no printed design.
the process of preparing the fibres of cotton for spinning.
the amount of land that could be ploughed by an 8 ox team in a year.
property or animals having been lost or stolen and being unclaimed.
a chapel endowed by an individual for the singing of masses for his or her soul.
a motor coach, especially one used for sightseeing tours.
a formal document issued by the sovereign in evidence of a contract.
a ceremony of thanksgiving for women after childbirth.
a small stone shed above a leadmine shaft, for storage of tools.
the holding of land by copy of court roll.
a tenant holding his land by copy of court roll, belonging to a class deriving from the medieval villeins.
court held by lord holding his lands direct from the Crown.
court held in Hundred or manor with jurisdiction over petty offences and civil matters.
a furnace for smelting lead ore.
a delf or delph -
Dissenter -

emulacon -
engine -

fee -
fine -
finial -
flags, flagstones -
flats -
flaxen -
franchise -
freeholders -

galena -
gew-gaw -
guinea -
grove or groove -
harden -
hereditaments -
holland -
Hundred -
hundredweight -

Justices itinerant -

a seam of coal.
a person who does not conform to the established church. A Nonconformist.

emulation: jealous rivalry.
any winding or pumping machinery, whether worked by hand, horse or steam.

the area of jurisdiction of a lord of the manor and subject to feudal obligations.
sum of money payable on admission to a holding of land by a copyholder.
an ornament of top of gates or gables, esp in the form of a foliated fleur-de-lys.
paving slabs split from a hard rock such as sandstone or shale.
veins of lead ore lying horizontally, of equal length and width.
linen made from flax.
the right to vote.
tenants of a fee under a superior lord.

the mineral lead sulphide. The chief ore of lead.
showy and gaudy.
a gold coin worth 21 shillings. (1.05)
a lead mine: a length of vein worked as a single mine, or open workings at the surface.
rough fabric made from the coarse fibres from flax and hemp.
any kind of property capable of being inherited.
unbleached linen cloth.
An administrative unit emerging in the 10th century. A subdivision of the shire.
a unit of weight equal to 112 pounds or approx 50 kilograms.

officials who travelled around the assize courts administering justice.

knop -

Lady Day -
lawn -
Liberty -

manor -
Martinmass -
merino -
Michaelmass -
messuage -

oratrix -
oxgang -

pillowbere -
pipes -
plumber -
Plumper -
pumps -

quart -
Quarter Days -

rakes -
rood -

an ornamental knob or ball.

March 25. Also known as the Annunciation of Our Lady. A Quarter Day.
fine linen
the district in which the lead miners had rights to search for ore.

the land belonging to a lord.
the feast of St Martin on November 11.
the long fine wool of the merino sheep.
the feast of St Michael on September 29. One of the Quarter Days.
a farmhouse with land attached, and its outbuildings, gardens etc.

female: the plaintiff in a cause of action in chancery. Male - orator
unit of arable land equal to the area of land ploughable by one ox. See bovate.

veins of lead ore lying horzontally, but long and narrow.
old meaning: a worker in lead.
a voter who chose or "plumped" for only one candidate.
a type of shoe, low-cut and low-heeled.

a liquid measure equal to two pints or a quarter of a gallon.
four days in the year when certain payments became due. Lady Day-25 March, Midsummer-24 June, Michaelmass-29 September and Christmas-25 December.

veins of lead ore disposed vertically between two walls of rock, up to several miles long.
one quarter of an acre.

sack -
sap -
scrins -
sidesman -
socage -
Soke -
Soli laus Deo -
sough -
spar turner -
stammel -
Star Chamber -
surplice -
surtout -
swaddle bed -
any dry white wine formerly imported from SW Europe.
a deep and narrow trench used to approach or undermine an enemy position.
short, often thin, vertical vein of lead ore; often branching from a rake.
deputy churchwarden.
tenure of land originally by service, later by payment of rent.
Word signifying jurisdiction, and especially the privilege of holding a court.
Latin: Praise to God alone.
a tunnel driven specifically to drain a lead mine.
a person who made ornaments etc from crystalline minerals such as fluorspar.
a coarse woollen cloth used for undergarments, and usually dyed red.
A court of law, sitting in the Star Chamber in Westminster Palace.
a vestment of white linen worn by clergymen and choristers over the cassock.
a man's skirted overcoat.
perhaps a crib: newborn babies were swaddled (wrapped) with strips of linen.

tenement -
terrier -
tithe -

waifs & estrayes -
wapentake -
worsted -

yeoman -

a holding consisting of house and land.
inventory of possessions, especially of landed property and a church inventory.
a tenth part of agricultural produce given for the support of the clergy.

ownerless property and straying animals. By law they had to be publicly declared, and if not claimed within a year and a day, were sold.
a division of the shire with its own court, the equivalent of the Hundred.
a cloth made from a closely twisted yarn made from combed long-staple wool.

a freeman cultivating his own land.


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© 2001 - 2012 Yvonne Daykin. Cromford village website launched 3 June 2001.       Updated 4 February 2012